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What Are the Differences, Functions, and Advantages Between AMR and AGV Autonomous Mobile Robots?

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Automated mobile devices are playing an increasingly important role in factory logistics and production efficiency, among which AGV (Automated Guided Vehicle) and AMR (Autonomous Mobile Robot) as two major types of autonomous mobile robots, are similar in some aspects but also have some key differences. Let's take a closer look at AGV AMR robot meaning definition and their navigation technology, flexibility, deployment cost, task applicability, and collaboration with humans.

Navigation Technology of AMR and AGV

AGV Robot 

AGV usually navigates using pre-defined paths or guide lines. These guide lines can be magnetic tapes, guide plates, or other detectable markers on the floor. AGV relies on these pre-planned paths to complete its tasks during operation.

AMR Definition Robot 

In contrast, AMR usually has more advanced navigation technologies, such as laser radar, visual perception, encoders, etc. This allows AMR to perceive and adapt to the environment in real-time, without the need for pre-defined paths. Its autonomous planning capability provides the robot with greater flexibility.

Flexibility of AMR and AGV


AGV typically operates on fixed paths, and its path and tasks often need to be planned and set in advance before deployment. This makes AGV suitable for relatively static production environments.


What is amr in robotics? AMR is more flexible, able to autonomously plan paths, adapt to environmental changes, and make decisions during operation. This flexibility makes AMR very suitable for factories and storage scenarios that require frequent adaptation to changes.

Deployment Cost of AMR and AGV


AGV deployment usually requires the installation of guide lines or other navigation facilities on the floor, which may increase deployment costs. Pre-planning paths and installing equipment require more engineering preparation.


Due to its advanced perception and navigation technologies, AMR may have lower deployment costs. Without the need for additional ground infrastructure, AMR can be put into operation more quickly.

AGV AMR Robot Task Applicability


AGV forklifts are primarily employed for fixed and repetitive tasks, such as transporting materials on factory assembly lines. Their design is more focused on specific and relatively simple application scenarios.


AMR is more suitable for scenarios that require flexible adaptation to the environment and the execution of diverse tasks, such as warehousing, logistics, and healthcare. Its autonomous planning capabilities enable it to handle more complex and varied work.

AMR and AGV Collaboration with Humans


AGVs typically require clear paths without personnel in their travel routes to ensure safety. This limitation restricts their application in environments with dense human presence.


AMRs typically feature advanced safety functions, allowing for better collaboration with personnel, even in environments with dense human presence. This makes AMRs more versatile across various scenarios, thereby enhancing overall factory collaborative efficiency.

In summary, both AGV and AMR are types of automated mobile devices, but they exhibit differences in design and application scenarios. The choice depends on specific application requirements and environments. IPLUS MOBOT's advanced technology, particularly with AMR products incorporating high-precision SLAM technology, offers customers more flexible and efficient solutions, driving continuous improvements in factory logistics and production efficiency.

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